qindongliang1922 阅读(3297) 评论(0)
前2篇文章,散仙写了关于Django的入门安装,以及简单模拟数据库的MVC使用,那么本篇就来稍微深入下,来看看如何使用Django来实现一个增删改查的小例子:

序号名称备注
1Win7操作系统
2开发工具Pychram
3Python3.4python版本
4Django1.7Django版本
5SQLite数据库
6屌丝码农一名核心角色


通过本案例项目,能学到什么?

(1)表单post提交参数数据
(2)python对csrf的支持与应用
(3)增删改查的处理思路
(4)python的Api熟悉
(5)python里面重定向的使用
(6)模板文件的编写格式
(7)mvt模式的了解
(8)python隔行换色的实现
(9)python对象关系映射使用

先看几个案例的几个截图:
1,查询所有:



2,添加一条数据:







3,修改数据:







4,删除一条数据:




model里的代码:
from django.db import models

# Create your models here.


class Student(models.Model):
    name=models.CharField(max_length=20)
    age=models.IntegerField(max_length=3)


class Subject(models.Model):
    student=models.ForeignKey(Student)
    sub_name=models.CharField(max_length=20)
    sub_num=models.IntegerField(default=0)


views里面的代码:
import builtins
from django.shortcuts import render,render_to_response
from django.http import HttpResponse,HttpResponseRedirect
from django.template.context import RequestContext

#包装csrf请求,避免django认为其实跨站攻击脚本
from django.views.decorators.csrf import csrf_exempt

import random
from.models import Student
# Create your views here.
from django.core.context_processors import csrf

def hello(request):
    return HttpResponse("我是django的第一个例子!")


def myhtml(request):
    return render_to_response('a.html',locals())


def bb(request):
    return render(request,'bb.html')
#访问首页
def beginAdd(request):
    return render_to_response('add.html')
#保存数据
@csrf_exempt
def add(request):
   # c={}
   id=request.POST['id']
   name=request.POST['name']
   age=request.POST['age']
   st=Student()
   if  len(id)  > 0 :
       print("id不是null")
       st.id=id;
   st.age=age
   st.name=name
   st.save()
   return HttpResponseRedirect("/q")

#查询所有
def query(request):
    b=Student.objects.all()

    #for  e in b:
        #print(e.id,"   ",e.age,"   ",e.name)

    return render_to_response('curd.html',{'data':b})
#显示一条数据
def showUid(request):
    id=request.GET['id'];
    bb=Student.objects.get(id=id)
    return render_to_response('update.html',{'data':bb})
#删除数据
def delByID(request):
    id=request.GET['id'];
    bb=Student.objects.get(id=id)
    bb.delete()
    return HttpResponseRedirect("/q")

datas=[

    {"id":"1","name":"华为"},
    {"id":"2","name":"三星"},
    {"id":"4","name":"Apple"},
    {"id":"5","name":"中国"},
    {"id":"6","name":"JAVA程序员"},
    {"id":"7","name":"solr"},
    {"id":"8","name":"hadoop编程"},
    {"id":"9","name":"python"},

]


def show(request):


        return render_to_response('data.html',{'datas':datas})


url里面的代码:
from django.conf.urls import patterns, include, url
from django.contrib import admin
#导入view定义的方法
from CurdWeb.views import hello,myhtml,bb,show,add,query,beginAdd,delByID,showUid

urlpatterns = patterns('',
    # Examples:
    # url(r'^$', 'Django项目.views.home', name='home'),
    # url(r'^blog/', include('blog.urls')),

    url(r'^admin/', include(admin.site.urls)),
    #基于hellword的绑定
    url(r'^hello/$',hello),

    url(r'^myhtml/$',myhtml),
    url(r'^cc/$',bb),
    #url映射到view层,并获取展现数据
    url(r'^show$',show),
    #添加数据映射
    url(r'^add$',add),
    #查询所有数据的映射
    url(r'^q$',query),
    #访问添加首页的html
    url(r'^index.html$',beginAdd),
    #删除用户根据id
    url(r'delete$',delByID),
    #更新的方法,根据id
    url(r'showid$',showUid)


)

html页面
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>添加数据,提交form表单</title>
</head>
<body>




<form action="/add" method="post">
          <input name="id" type="hidden" value="" ><br/>
请输入名字<input name="name" type="text" ><br/>
请输入年龄<input name="age" type="text" ><br/>
    <input type="submit" value="提交" >
</form>


</body>
</html>



<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>数据展示平台</title>
</head>
<style>
body{
    text-align: center;
}
#tt{
     margin: 0 auto;
}
</style>
<body>

<table id="tt" border="2">
<tr> <td>用户编号</td>  <td>用户姓名</td> <td>用户年龄</td>   <td>操作</td>     </tr>
{%  for d in data %}
<tr {% if forloop.counter|divisibleby:"2"  %} style="background: gainsboro" {% else %} style="background: aquamarine"  {% endif %}  >  <td>{{ d.id }}</td> <td>{{ d.name }}</td> <td>{{ d.age }}</td><td>[url=/delete?id={{ d.id }}]删除[/url]  [url=/index.html]添加[/url]  [url=/showid?id={{ d.id }}]修改[/url] </td> </tr>
{% endfor %}

</table>
</body>
</html>




<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>动态展示学生信息数据</title>
</head>
<body>
<table style="color: green" border="2">
<td>编号</td><td>名字</td>
{% for m in datas %}
   <tr>
   <td>{{ m.id }}</td><td>{{ m.name }}</td>
   </tr>
{% endfor %}
</table>
</body>
</html>



<!DOCTYPE html>
<html>
<head lang="en">
    <meta charset="UTF-8">
    <title>修改个人信息</title>
</head>
<body>


<form action="/add" method="post" >
        <input type="hidden" name="id"  value="{{ data.id }}" >
    名字:<input name="name" type="text" value="{{ data.name  }}"><br/>
    年龄:<input name="age" type="text" value="{{ data.age }}"><br/>
          <input type="submit" value="保存"/>


</form>

</body>
</html>

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